Education

Advice for the AFRIKAN Man

1. A man expects to make mistakes and he systematically learns from them;
2. A man studies his ancestors so that he can become them in principle and power;
3. A man gives his children no reason to doubt his integrity;
4. A man is sober/straight;
5. A man is righteously enraged but does not bring that justifiable anger toward our enemies and failings into the home;
6. A man defends his home, community and nation, mentally, physically and spiritually, in every reasonable way and by any means necessary;
7. A man provides for the resources of his family, community and nation;
8. A man works to liberate, empower and make sovereign his nation, practicing first at the level of family and community;
9. A man teaches his children (sanguine and social) to think, rather than memorize, for he knows that this is a quality of dynamic nation-builders; and
10. A man absolutely respects Afrikan women, never physically, mentally or spiritually violating or demeaning them publicly or privately.
Because what it means to be Afrikan has become a contested area, to this list we have to add that a man is not confused as to his sex or gender role.
Of course, we know there are other rules/characteristics/qualities. But how we define#manhood now must be based on the imperatives, exigencies and dictates of the reality in which we currently live and the one we intend to build.

~ Baba Mwalimu Baruti

1969: Football Classic Grambling State University vs. Morgan State University

1969: Football Classic Grambling State University vs. Morgan State University

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.in the midst of a number of AFRIKAN men. 

1899: Football team at Claflin University Orangeburg, South Carolina Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

1899: Football team at Claflin University
Orangeburg, South Carolina
Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. sitting front and center in a lecture as a student in Sale Hall Chapel at Morehouse College. He attended Morehouse College from 1944-1948 where he entered as an early admission student at the age of 15. He was only 19 years old when he received his bachelor of arts degree in sociology. #education (Seated 3rd from the left)

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. sitting front and center in a lecture as a student in Sale Hall Chapel at Morehouse College. He attended Morehouse College from 1944-1948 where he entered as an early admission student at the age of 15. He was only 19 years old when he received his bachelor of arts degree in sociology. #education (Seated 3rd from the left)

 1946: Sophomore Bill Tolea and Other Members of the Howard University Football Team Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt  Life Magazine - December 23, 1946


1946: Sophomore Bill Tolea and Other Members of the Howard University Football Team
Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt
Life Magazine – December 23, 1946

 1946: Sophomore Bill Tolea and Other Members of the Howard University Football Team Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt  Life Magazine - December 23, 1946


1946: Sophomore Bill Tolea and Other Members of the Howard University Football Team
Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt
Life Magazine – December 23, 1946

1973: Movie Still from "Black Caesar"

1973: Movie Still from “Black Caesar”

 1967: New York, Ny Photographer: Bruce Davidson


1967: New York, Ny
Photographer: Bruce Davidson

1961:James Earl Jones

1961:James Earl Jones

1970's

1970’s

1981: London: Marvin Gaye in in Covent Garden

1981: London: Marvin Gaye in in Covent Garden

1989: Eddie Murphey, Richard Pryor, Della Reese and Red Foxx in the "Harlem Nights" Movie Poster

1989: Eddie Murphey, Richard Pryor, Della Reese and Red Foxx in the “Harlem Nights” Movie Poster

1970: Harlem. "Representative Charles B. Rangel talking with children on West 125th Street a month after he was elected to Congress in 1970." AP

1970: Harlem. “Representative Charles B. Rangel talking with children on West 125th Street a month after he was elected to Congress in 1970.”
AP

Harlem, 1970's

Harlem, 1970’s

 1945: World War II: William E. Thomas and Joseph Jackson on Easter Morning March 10, 1945.  Signs read: "Happy Easter Adolph" and "Easter Eggs for Hitler"


1945: World War II: William E. Thomas and Joseph Jackson on Easter Morning March 10, 1945.
Signs read: “Happy Easter Adolph” and “Easter Eggs for Hitler”

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 1963: "A Jazz Funeral for a Musician who Died" New Orleans, LA Photographer: Leonard Freed


1963:
“A Jazz Funeral for a Musician who Died”
New Orleans, LA
Photographer: Leonard Freed

1935: "Sunday" Scotts Run, West Virginia Photographer: Ben Shahn

1935: “Sunday”
Scotts Run, West Virginia
Photographer: Ben Shahn

  1973: Reading about Great Rulers of the African Past "Original Caption: Black Student In A Black Studies Class In A West Side Chicago Classroom Reading A Book About Great Rulers In Africa's Past Recent Years Have Seen A Resurgence By Various Minorities Of Their Histories. Pride In Their Heritage Has Led To Continuing Traditions And Aspects Of Their Culture Which Are Unique In American Tradition, 10/1973"  Photographer: John H. White Source: The U.S. National Archives


1973: Reading about Great Rulers of the African Past
“Original Caption: Black Student In A Black Studies Class In A West Side Chicago Classroom Reading A Book About Great Rulers In Africa’s Past Recent Years Have Seen A Resurgence By Various Minorities Of Their Histories. Pride In Their Heritage Has Led To Continuing Traditions And Aspects Of Their Culture Which Are Unique In American Tradition, 10/1973”
Photographer: John H. White
Source: The U.S. National Archives

 1973: "Original Caption: The Kadats Of America, Chicago's Most Loved Young Black Drill Team, Shown Performing On A Sunday Afternoon At A Community Talent Show On The South Side. Leader Of The Group Is Major General Acklin, Who Works With The Youngsters To Give Them A Positive Outlook On Life. The Group Has Won Many Marching And Drill Awards, And Has Performed In Many Area Parades, 08/1973"  Photographer: John H. White Source: The U.S. National Archives


1973: “Original Caption: The Kadats Of America, Chicago’s Most Loved Young Black Drill Team, Shown Performing On A Sunday Afternoon At A Community Talent Show On The South Side. Leader Of The Group Is Major General Acklin, Who Works With The Youngsters To Give Them A Positive Outlook On Life. The Group Has Won Many Marching And Drill Awards, And Has Performed In Many Area Parades, 08/1973”
Photographer: John H. White
Source: The U.S. National Archives

North Carolina - Early 60's Source: Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, UNC Chapel Hill/ attorney's papers, Floyd McKissick

North Carolina – Early 60’s
Source: Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, UNC Chapel Hill/ attorney’s papers, Floyd McKissick

1971: Toledo, Ohio "Free Clothing Program. A boy tries on a coat at a [Black Panther] party office." Photo by:Stephen Shames

1971: Toledo, Ohio
“Free Clothing Program. A boy tries on a coat at a [Black Panther] party office.”
Photo by:Stephen Shames

1969: This is Aaron Dixon, former and first captain of the Seattle chapter of the Black Panther Party. He fed thousands of hungry children by starting the free breakfast program as well as helped open a free medical and legal clinic for those in need. In 2006, he also ran for senate.

1969: This is Aaron Dixon, former and first captain of the Seattle chapter of the Black Panther Party. He fed thousands of hungry children by starting the free breakfast program as well as helped open a free medical and legal clinic for those in need. In 2006, he also ran for senate.

 1899: Title:"African American family posed for portrait seated on lawn."  This photo is from a collection compiled and prepared by W.E.B. Du Bois" entitled "In album (disbound): Negro life in Georgia, U.S.A." at the Library of Congress. The photos were presented at the world fair (The Exposition Universelle ) in Paris in 1900.


1899: Title:”African American family posed for portrait seated on lawn.”
This photo is from a collection compiled and prepared by W.E.B. Du Bois” entitled “In album (disbound): Negro life in Georgia, U.S.A.” at the Library of Congress. The photos were presented at the world fair (The Exposition Universelle ) in Paris in 1900.

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 1899:  Title: "African American men and women posed for portrait on steps" This photo is also from a collection compiled and prepared by W.E.B. Du Bois" entitled "Negro life in Georgia, U.S.A." at the Library of Congress. The photos were presented at the world fair (The Exposition Universelle ) in Paris in 1900.


1899:
Title: “African American men and women posed for portrait on steps”
This photo is also from a collection compiled and prepared by W.E.B. Du Bois” entitled “Negro life in Georgia, U.S.A.” at the Library of Congress. The photos were presented at the world fair (The Exposition Universelle ) in Paris in 1900.

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